Vocabulary in English

Rooms in a House – 72 Different Rooms in English

Rooms in a House - 72 Different Rooms in English

You’re about to learn the names of 72 different rooms in a house in English. While you’re here, check out Household Vocabulary: 48 Useful Objects You Don’t Know in English.

Can you name all the rooms in a house?

I mean ALL of them?

For example, do you know all the words for “living room”? How about the name for the small building in the back of the garden?

Not sure?

Then check out all the words for rooms in a house.

ALL of them!

Rooms in a house

Rooms in a house: image with all rooms

OK. Let’s go from the top!

Attic

Attic

The top room in the house with a slanting ceiling.

Sometimes it’s used as a proper room, and sometimes you just use it to store stuff like your dad’s old Beatles records and that awful drawing of a cat that uncle Barry gave you for your birthday.

Loft

Loft

Very similar to an attic, except for two things:

  1. You can’t use it as a proper room. It’s too small.
  2. You need to get in through a trapdoor using a ladder (not the stairs).

Although these days, you sometimes see loft apartments for rent or sale. They’re basically attic apartments, but they probably think that “loft” sounds nicer.

Spare room

Spare room

Also known as the spare bedroom, guest room or guest bedroom.

It’s usually empty unless someone is visiting.

Bedroom

Bedroom

Do I really need to explain this one?

OK, then.

Where did you wake up this morning?

You probably woke up in your bedroom.

Or, if you’re on holiday, then you might’ve woken up in your hotel room or motel room.

But if you’re on holiday, then why are you reading this? Go to the beach, you maniac!

Bathroom

Bathroom

This is where you go to the toilet, have a bath or shower, brush your teeth, wash your face or stare at yourself in the mirror thinking about the meaning of life and wondering where on earth the time has gone.

If you’re lucky enough to have a bathroom attached to your bedroom — your own private bathroom — then that’s an en-suite bathroom (sometimes shortened to just “en-suite”).

If we want to sound posh in English, we usually just use French words. It gives the phrase a certain je ne sais quoi, which is French for something — I don’t know what.

If the room only contains a toilet and a sink, then we just call it the toilet.

You can also call it the lavatory, the lav, the loo or the W.C. (which stands for “water closet”).

There are also lots of words for public toilets — toilets in cafés, restaurants, libraries or just … in public:

  • washroom
  • restroom
  • public convenience

Toilets are fun!

Balcony

You know this one, right?

A large balcony is called a terrace.

Nursery

Nursery

OK. I realise that you most probably don’t have an en-suite bathroom or a loft or an attic … or most of the rooms in this post.

And you’re even more unlikely to have a nursery — a room in the house that’s just for young kids to play in.

But they exist! They’re out there!

Study

Study

The room just for working in.

No TVs, no kids running around, no noises.

Just you and your work!

This room is also known as an office or work room.

If you’re an artistic type, and your work involves creating art or music, then this room would be called a studio instead.

If you’re a photographer, and you use your work room to develop your photos, then this will be the darkroom. Because it’s usually dark.

Utility room

Utility room

The boring room where all the boring stuff in the house happens.

It’s most often used for washing clothes, so it’ll have an ironing board, an iron, a washing machine and maybe a dryer.

In America they call it a laundry room, and in Australia it’s just “the laundry.”

Panic room

Panic room

OK, OK, I know — you don’t have one, and you’ve never met anyone who has one.

I’ve never met anyone who has one, either.

“What is it?” you ask.

Good question.

It’s a secret room where you can hide if someone breaks into your house or if the weather gets too extreme or if there’s a terrorist attack … that kind of thing.

Panic rooms usually have CCTV screens so you can see what’s going on inside your house while you hide as well as communication with the outside world so you can call the police.

It’s also known as a safe room.

Conservatory

Conservatory

A room with a glass roof (and usually glass walls) on the outside of a house.

It’s a nice place to sit outside, while still being inside.

Clever, right?

You can also call it a sunroom or solarium in American English.

But be careful — a solarium is also a place where people go to get artificial ultraviolet light so they can get a tan.

Living room

Living room

OK — we all know this one, right?

It’s the main room in the house — the one where we usually hang out as a family or group of friends.

The one we spend most of our time in.

I guess because we spend so much time here, there are lots of words for it.

The most common words are now “living room” and “sitting room.”

Lounge” is still popular, too, but these days it’s often used to refer to a room in a public building, like an airport (think V.I.P. lounge).

Drawing room,” “parlour” and “family room” are also possible, but, as you can see from this image, they’re not so popular anymore:

Ngram comparing usage of living room, sitting room, drawing room, parlour, family room and lounge

You can also see that “parlour” used to be much more popular. We still have the phrase “parlour games” — games played in groups (like families) that don’t involve moving around very much.

Dining room

Dining room

Some houses still have a separate room for eating in. That’s a dining room.

These days everything’s a bit more open plan, and the dining room, kitchen and living room are often all in the same space.

Kitchen

Kitchen

Where you make food!

If you live in a small flat, and your kitchen is very, very small, you would call it a kitchenette.

A lot of flats these days have American kitchens or open kitchens — kitchens that are also part of the living room.

I like them! You can make dinner and still hang out with everyone.

In very old houses, you might find a scullery — a small room behind the kitchen where all the washing up and dish cleaning gets done.

Some houses also have a pantry or larder. These are rooms used to store food.

Garage

Garage

A room for the car.

But a garage is way cooler without a car!

You can build computers or play Dungeon Master or turn it into a music studio or even a gym. Such a better use of space!

Here’s a song about that (with the words).

Mud room

Mud room

Some houses have a mud room or entryway.

It’s a small area between the outside and the inside where you can take off your shoes and jacket.

Sometimes there’s mud everywhere.

But it’s OK!

It’s the mud room!

Basement

Anything below the ground floor is called the basement.

That’s all you need to know!

Games room

Games room

Also known as a rec room (short for recreation room), this is the room where you can play games!

Maybe it’s computer games.

Maybe it’s snooker.

Whatever you like!

Some houses and flats also have a small room, often in the basement, in the attic or out in the garden, where you can go and relax and get away from it all.

This room is sometimes called a den.

Wine cellar

Wine cellar

What? You don’t have a small, unheated room with stone walls under your house where you keep all your wine?

What kind of person are you?

Just kidding — very few people have a wine cellar.

If there’s no wine there, it’s just called a cellar.

It’s a bit different from a basement room because it doesn’t have heating, the walls aren’t properly painted and there might be no electricity.

Other rooms in a house that don’t fit into the picture I drew

Hall / hallway / corridor

The long room that leads to the other rooms.

Walk-in wardrobe

A wardrobe, or “closet” in American English, is like a cupboard.

Most are too small to walk into, so they’re not really rooms.

But some people have one:

Walk-in wardrobe
walk-in-wardrobe-picture by Anne-Marii | CC BY 2.0

Shed

A small, wooden one-room building in the garden.

It’s usually used for storing gardening tools.

But the author Roald Dahl decided he’d use his to write in.

Porch

A balcony is always higher up than the ground floor.

But some houses have a balcony or terrace on the ground floor.

This is a porch or verandah.

Library

The room where all the books are.

Books!

Tree house

A house in a tree!

Usually a place for kids to hang out in and read comics and eat candy.

A tree house on the ground isn’t called a ground house, though.

It’s called a cubby house (in Australia), Wendy house (in the UK), clubhouse, fort or playhouse.

Greenhouse

A single-room building made of glass that you use to grow tomatoes and other plants in.

Here’s a bad joke:

Question: If a red house is made of red bricks, and a blue house is made of blue bricks, then what’s a greenhouse made of?
Answer: Glass.


That’s it! The rooms in your house — and the rooms in your rich friend’s house!

But I bet I missed something.

The rooms in a house can be different in different cultures.

Do houses in your country have a room that I didn’t include?

Tell me about it in the comments.

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59 thoughts on “Rooms in a House – 72 Different Rooms in English

  1. Dear Gaby,
    Read all about the house. I think you beat even the village school master. I think i have to find
    another poem for you. Jealous heart . susan.j.

  2. Dear Gaby
    In Spain we have the “azotea”, a roof terrace. As it doesn’t rain often over here, almost all the houses have a flat roof that has two functions: a terrace and a utility room. There’s almost always a small building with the washing machine and a clothesline to dry the clothes. Of course it’s also used for sunbathing 🙂

  3. In india, every house, no matter how small or big has a ‘pooja room’ or ‘mandir’ where pooja is performed and prayers are offered.

      1. What about the storage room? In Spain, as I’m sure in many other countries too, there’s sometimes a room with shelves where you can store those things that are seldom used, like suitcases, skis, or whatever you like!

        1. It used to be called the box room but, these days, people seem to think that ‘box room’ means the smallest bedroom!

  4. And here goes a specific one for Spain and I guess other countries with similar climate: the “galeria”. It’s an elongated room built on the sunny facade of the house. It has many windows that are closed in the winter to help heat the house using the greenhouse effect. In the summer, the windows are open or even removed and there are shades, so that this transition space helps cool down the air that comes in the house.

    1. in Belgium this “galeria” (if I understand well what it is) is called a “veranda”. I have seen adds for Verandah in recent UK deco magazine this year. I wonder what it is exactly in UK.
      The “veranda” in Belgium is a sunroom fully glazed (glass extension) on the sunny facade of the house. Inside there is usually a mix of plants and seats.
      And what about the boiler room ?
      Thanks so much for this wonderful article. I seek inspiration for new rooms in our office building witch is an old factory and it might really help.

      1. Thanks for the positive comments, Sophie.

        It seems the word “veranda” can mean different things for different people.

        When I hear it, I think of a sort of balcony on the ground level. Like you imagine in New Orleans in the 1930s. Sometimes with someone sitting in a rocking chair drinking a beer.

      2. A veranda, in Britain, is a kind of balcony, but on the ground floor. It will have a low wall and, possibly a roof but will not be fully enclosed. A porch, however, is a small area in front of the front door, which may be open or enclosed. It keeps the rain off people waiting at the door and, if enclosed, keeps out cold air when the door is opened and gives a space to leave outdoor shoes and hang coats.

  5. A pool room
    Spa room
    Smoking room (airports in Asia have them, it’s could be in a home)
    Dance/yoga/rehearsal room/Studio
    Music studio
    Stream room
    Sauna
    Shine room (could be religious or about elvis Presley haha. Just a room dedicated to something or someone. Alternatively I knew a guy who had a mini museum room in his cottage in England )
    Tomb
    Gym
    Workshop
    Pantry
    Photography room (I’m not sure of the real name, I’m referring to those rooms with red light)
    Dungeon (not recommended)
    Sex room
    Cinema
    Dog house (Technically a room)
    Weapons room
    Walk in fridge (not usually in a house but it’s possible. A world class tv chef may have one)
    Walk in freezer
    “Man Cave”
    Boat house
    Karaoke room (my friend has one in his house in Australia.)
    Squash room
    Elevator (if that counts)

      1. Like a vanity or dressing room! Usually only found in the master suite area of very large rich-people houses, sometimes leading to walk-in closets or bathrooms.

  6. What’s the name for a room that looks like a hall, but it’s never long, usually squared, but it’s in the middle of a house or a flat, like a passage you go through to get to the bathroom and/or other rooms? In Serbian it is called degažman, which sounds French to me, and it is only used by architects. You can put a coat rack there, or a mirror or nothing…I need an English word and not one of all the synonyms I know doesn’t seem adequate.

    1. What an interesting question!

      I had a quick look into this. I would say that we don’t have a word for this in English. We’d simply call it a “hallway” or “corridor,” but would probably qualify it with “little” (“little hallway” or “little corridor.”)

      Maybe we should adopt the Serbian word. It’s nice!

      1. Thank you! I suppose you could use “little hallway” in an informal conversation. Do you think architects would put it in a blueprint description?

        1. Good question.

          I think that there’s probably a term that architects use that isn’t used in everyday conversation — a specialist term — for this “little hallway.” If there is, it’s a specialist term so would only be useful if you were talking to architects!

        2. If I’m picturing what you’re describing correctly – we could maybe call it a “foyer” (pronounced in the states as “foy-yay” or “foy-ay”), if it’s near the entry too. Otherwise…maybe passage way?

      2. My grangmot j.g er had one in her very large old farmhouse . She had a day bed and and a few chairs. We all called it the landing. Because it was at the top of the stairs before you reached the hallway towards the bedrooms.

  7. I stole these from Wikipedia; some of which have been included by your other contributors. Wiki is definitely worth a visit for an illustrated explanation of each room name. Category: Rooms-Wikipedia. Missing are LOGGIA, FOYER, BREWERY, DUNNY, KHAZI, LATRINE and a misnomer from my late mother; a BOGEY HOLE describing a spandrel cupboard or under-stairs store-room. BED STEE is a Dutch sleeping cupboard whose internal dimensions accommodates a single bed only and is common in Scottish tenement buildings. When I visited my aunt in Edinburgh shared a Stee with my cousin in bunk-beds screwed to the wall and accessed directly via single door from the SCULLERY and had a 60cm square high-level ‘borrowed’ light (unglazed) into the entrance hall.
    A
    Aerary
    Air shower (room)
    Aircraft cabin
    Airport lounge
    Aisle
    Almonry
    Anechoic chamber
    Antechamber
    Apodyterium
    Arizona room
    Assembly hall
    Atrium (architecture)
    Attic
    Attic style
    Auditorium
    Aula regia
    B
    Ballroom
    Bang (Korean)
    Banishment room
    Basement
    Bathroom
    Battery room
    Bedroom
    Billiard room
    Bonus room
    Boudoir
    Breezeway
    Buttery (room)
    Buttery (shop)
    C
    Cabinet (room)
    Cafeteria
    Caldarium
    Calefactory
    Castle chapel
    Central apparatus room
    Changing room
    Church hall
    Church porch
    Classroom
    Cleanroom
    Cloakroom
    Closet
    Committee room
    Common room
    Common room (university)
    Companionway
    Computer lab
    Conference hall
    Conservatory (greenhouse)
    Control room
    Conversation pit
    Corner office
    Count room
    Counting house
    Courtroom
    Cry room
    Crypt
    Cryptoporticus
    Cubiculum
    Cyzicene hall
    D
    Darbazi
    Dark room (sexuality)
    Darkroom
    Data room
    Den (room)
    Dewaniya
    Dining room
    Dirty kitchen
    Diwan-khane
    Double bass array
    Drawing room
    Dungeon
    E
    Electrical room
    Entryway
    Equatorial room
    Equipment room
    Execution chamber
    F
    Fainting room
    Family room
    First aid room
    Frigidarium
    Function hall
    Furnace room
    G
    Garden office
    Garderobe
    Garret
    Genkan
    Ghorfa
    Granary
    Great chamber
    Great hall
    Great room
    Green room
    H
    Hall
    Hall (concept)
    Harem
    Home cinema
    Honeymoon suite (hotel)
    I
    Inglenook
    K
    Kitchen
    L
    Laconicum
    Lactation room
    Lanai (architecture)
    Larder
    Laundry room
    Living room
    Lobby (room)
    Locker room
    Loft
    Long gallery
    Lumber room
    Luxury box
    M
    Maashaus
    Mail services center
    Mailroom
    Majlis
    Man cave
    Master control
    Mechanical floor
    Mechanical room
    Megaron
    Mehmaan khana
    Mission control center
    Mizuya
    Monastic cell
    Money room
    Musalla
    Music rehearsal space
    N
    Network operations center
    Nilavara
    Room number
    Nursery (room)
    O
    Office
    Opisthodomos
    P
    Padded cell
    Pantry
    Parlour
    Petit appartement du roi
    Petit appartement de la reine
    Pinacotheca
    Porters’ lodge
    Presidential suite
    Priest hole
    Print room
    Prison cell
    Psychomanteum
    Public toilet
    Q
    Qa’a (room)
    R
    Rain porch
    Recreation room
    Refectory
    Refreshment room
    Reredorter
    Restroom
    Riding hall
    Roomsharing
    Root cellar
    Rotunda (architecture)
    S
    Sacristy
    Safe room
    Sauna
    Screened porch
    Secret passage
    Semi-basement
    Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility
    Servants’ hall
    Servants’ quarters
    Server room
    Shoin
    Showroom
    Sky lobby
    Skyway
    Sleeping porch
    Slype
    Small office/home office
    Smoking room
    Solar (room)
    Staffroom
    Staircase tower
    State room
    Still room
    Storm cellar
    Student lounge
    Studio
    Study (room)
    Sudatorium
    Suite (hotel)
    Sunroom
    T
    Tabagie (room)
    Tablinum
    Tasting room
    Tepidarium
    Throne room
    Toolroom
    Torture chamber
    Transmission control room
    Triclinium
    U
    Undercroft
    Utility room

    1. Wow!

      Yes — it is possible to add a totally comprehensive list, but would it be useful? How many English learners need to talk about the “rain porch,” or the “torture room”?

      But it was fascinating to hear about these Scottish rooms. I particularly like Bogey Hole!

      Thanks for commenting! 🙂

  8. Orangery, similar to a conservatory, Very popular in Victorian era now making a comeback instead of the conservatory

    1. Wow! I had to Google that.

      I’d never heard this one before, but I did a little research using Google’s Ngram Viewer and yes — it is indeed making a comeback.

      Thanks!

  9. Would a computer room be considered a study? In one of my previous houses we had a small room that only contained a computer and a few games. Similarly, would an office be a study? Like, a room in the house called an office, not an actual office.
    Also, in my familym the living room and the family room were two different rooms. Not every house would have a family room, and if you didn’t, then the living room served that function, but if you had both, then the living room was the room that you got to through the front entrance(we didn’t have mud rooms), and the living room would be where you’d put your fancy furniture that nobody sat on, like those old couches and that glass table with the decorations on it. It usually didn’t have a TV or much entertainment, as it was purely for decoration and a nice first impression, and no time was actually spent in this room. The family room was the room where you’d have the TV and the furniture you were allowed to use and where you spent most of your time

    1. Haha! That’s quite amusing.

      I’ve been in some houses like that before, with the nice, cozy rooms that everyone uses and the one that feels like a museum.

      I tend to use “study” and “office” interchangeably.

      Thanks for sharing. I laughed. 🙂

    2. Hi Cy! I noticed your question about the computer room and although I do believe most people just use a room in the house (their study or office or whatever), there are rooms that folk have built in their homes that are specifically designed to have their own cooling systems and power supplies. Some folk even have these room sealed to mitigate the collection of dust or dirt in these rooms. I had a friend who ran a small business server from his house and he had a specific room built in his basement for housing the computer system and other machines for running the server and business, but I also have a relative that had a room that was essentially his “office” modified with special air conditioning and a wall-vacuum specifically for his computers. So i would say that a computer room is probably it’s own thing – at least for some folk. 😀

  10. This is a wonderful list and site. Thank you very much!

    I was surprised to not see the trophy room listed. I believe at one time it was popular for the wealthy who hunted for sport to have a room in which they displayed the stuffed remains of their kills as well as weapons and other collectibles from the safaris and adventures they went on. I believe President Theodore Roosevelt had one at Sagamore Hill.
    Also I didn’t notice the mention of a pool house. At our house it is more open air (except the shed side which houses the pool and patio supplies/toys/furniture throughout the winter) but it is an enclosed area for changing in and out of swimwear and often includes a shower and/or privy so that swimmers don’t have to track water in the house if they need to use the bathroom and have just come out of the water. The shower is for rinsing before getting in the water and for rinsing chlorine off when exiting the pool. Ours is pretty simple – a few benches with shelves and hooks for robes and towels and an open air shower on the outside with the enclosed (attached) shed in the back, but some of our friends have elaborate pool houses that are climate controlled, have electricity and include sitting areas, true bathrooms, elaborate stereo systems with room to dance, televisions and bars/kitchenettes for barbecues and pool parties.
    (I also noticed the mention of the man-cave, but not the she-shack/she-shed – although I know they are essentially the same except for opposite genders).

    1. Wow! There’s a lot of stuff there. Some of these suggestions would be quite at home in the Cluedo house. For the same reason, you could also add “billiard room.”

      Good call on the “she-shed” idea. We actually avoided “man-cave” as it has this sort of negative connotation.

      Thanks for commenting!

  11. Hi, Gabriel! In Brazil many suburban houses and apartments have what we call “the maid’s room” where she (maids are generally women) usually sleeps if she’s a sleep-in maid. Even if she doesn’t, it’s the room where she changes her clothes, keeps her stuff and can have a shower (yes, attached to the room there’s frequently a separated bathroom for them). It’s a reminiscence of our cruel slavery past

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